Lifelong Digital Libraries


The organisation of personal data is receiving increasing research attention due to the challenges that are faced in gathering, enriching, searching and visualising this data. Given the increasing quantities of personal data being gathered by individuals, the concept of a lifelong digital library of rich multimedia and sensory content for every individual is becoming a reality. This panel brought together researchers from different parts of the information retrieval and digital libraries community to debate the opportunities and challenges for researchers in this new and challenging area.


Recent technological advances have introduced new types of sensors (informational sensors, physical sensors) and devices (for example Google Glass or Apple’s iWatch) which allow the individual to compile vast archives of personal data. Captured over a long period of time, these heterogeneous digital libraries can provide a detailed picture of the activities of an individual and will require search, summarisation and knowledge extraction tools to make them valuable. Therefore it comes as no surprise that Lifelong Digital Libraries are receiving increasing attention within the research community . An example is NTCIR Lifelog, a new evaluation task at NTCIR-12 that focuses on the evaluation of personal digital libraries, commonly referred to as lifelogs. Apart from technical challenges arising from gathering and accessing such vast amount of data (see [1] for a detailed discussion of these challenges),  various additional aspects need to be considered that are concerned with the impact on these new technological advances both for individuals as well as for society as a whole.

This panel discussion aimed to bring this topic to the attention of the JCDL audience and motivate some of the key research challenges that  the community will need to address in the coming years. The main questions discussed include:
What are the main technical challenges for the creation and access to personal digital archives?
How to make progress towards making personal digital libraries easier for an individual to manage and extract value from?
What are the most  promising current approaches to maintain and access such archives?
In which areas are further technical advances required to improve access to such archives?
How best to motivate and encourage research in the area?
How to deal with privacy and data security challenges that arise when such archives become commonplace?
What ethical issues arise from the creation of such archives?
Who should own these archives and where should the data be hosted?
How to ensure digital  preservation of such archives?
What are the concerns and expectations of the research community towards this area in the years to come?
What will personal digital libraries look like in ten years time?
After each panel member introduced themselves, their research and expertise, they individually shared their point of view on these topics. In addition, the chairman encouraged and welcomed input and questions from the floor.

[1] C. Gurrin, A. F. Smeaton, and A. R. Doherty. Lifelogging: Personal big data. Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval, 8(1):1–125, 2014.

Cathal Gurrin, Dublin City University, Ireland
Håvard Johansen, University of Tromso, Norway
Taro Tezuka, University of Tsukuba, Japan

Frank Hopfgartner (Panel Chair)
The Future of Digital Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Strategies of Organizational Design to Promote Access and Longevity


Cultural Heritage content is increasingly being not only created digitally but also digitized. Preserving this content has been a much discussed and debated question in the Digital Libraries and Digital Humanities communities. Many concerns that have been raised around the organizational challenges. Centralized preservation is often praised for their unified access and consistency. But at the same are criticized for their reliance on the continued interest of maintainers. Alternatively, decentralized preservation leads to better longevity but often at a cost of consistency or ease of access. This panel will discuss these issues with the goal of finding a balance between these often conflicting approaches. As well as dealing with issues of privacy and ownership that often arise in Cultural Heritage collections.

To address this, we will discuss the following broad categories of questions:

What – To set the stage for discussion we need to have an idea about what we are talking about when we speak of Cultural Heritage Digital Libraries (CHDLs). What makes a digital library a cultural heritage one? What does it mean to preserve in a CHDL? Is the CHDL preservation itself? Is it preserved without metadata? How much metadata? Do we try and select and curate or do we just preserve everything? If not everything, how do we deal with bias of the preserver itself? Are there things we may not want to preserve at all? Privacy?

Who – There has been a big push by funding agency to have archival and preservation planning as part of the grant. Some people take this more seriously than others. Some in the archival field don’t feel that the scholars and artifact creators have the expertise to perform preservation tasks. So the question is who should be doing the preservation? Should we leave it to the professionals? Should preservation be an integral part of the process?

When – The question of what is worth preserving is one that many people have struggled over. There is concern that we may not preserve artifacts that we will want later, or that we will preserve junk. Does time help preservation? Should we prefer post-facto preservation over immediate preservation?

Where – There have been numerous approaches with locality of preservation. Many items are preserved close to their creation. Backups and records maintained by the digitizing entity itself. In other case the preservation is carried out by a third party who remains responsible, sometimes this is even a private company or a centralized national digital library. Other people have built exchanges of preserved forming loose confederations of preserving entities. The where in this question often has potential issues with resources, long-term survivability, and privacy. How do we balance these issues?

Why – Why do we preserve cultural heritage? Jason Scott of the Internet Archive has often taken a kind of “because it’s there” approach rooted in nostalgia of the past. Other areas view preservation as a way to prevent the disappearance of cultures and ways of life. Is there a reason beyond sentimentality or emotion? What else do we gain from preserving these materials.

Piotr Adamczyk, Program Manager, Google Cultural Institute
Unmil Karadkar, Assistant Professor, Information School, University of Texas
Katherine Skinner, Executive Director, Educopia Institute
Stacy Kowalczyk, Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Dominican University

Paul Logasa Bogen II, Software Engineer, Google

Sponsorship Opportunities

Funding Support

Sponsorship opportunities are available for the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries taking place June 21 through June 24, 2015, in Knoxville, TN.

The ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL2015) represents a significant opportunity to reach an international community of computer scientists, informaticists, practitioners, and librarians engaged in the development, management, and application of digital libraries and associated technical, practical, organizational, and social issues. Sponsorship represents, as well, an opportunity for your organization to demonstrate active involvement in the global effort to build and sustain interoperable digital libraries that provide access to the world’s digital information and resources and to position your organization as a thought leader and innovator in the areas of digital libraries.
Who will Participate

The conference will attract attendees from all over the world. The Organizing Committee anticipates approximately 250 registrants for JCDL2015. Participants may include professors of computer science, heads of digital library programs, librarians, digital library technical staff and software developers, graduate students, postdocs, and applied researchers redtube working in the areas of digital libraries.
Sponsorship Opportunities

JCDL2015 provides a valuable opportunity for organizations to showcase their products and services, to communicate their brand and to gain exposure with a wide spectrum of stakeholders, leaders and decision makers in the digital library community. Sponsorship represents, as well, an opportunity for your organization to demonstrate active involvement in the global effort to build and sustain interoperable digital libraries that provide access to the world’s digital information and resources and to position your organization as a thought leader and innovator in the areas of digital libraries. You will be able to reach an international audience and to align your goals with others in the xxx porno field of digital libraries.
Benefits of Participation

Do you want to be at the forefront of developments in digital libraries; be a part of the vanguard for change and innovation; reach prospective clients and collaborators and take advantage of this opportunity to develop knowledge, interact with peers and exchange experiences and observations? This is an opening for you to gain a wider perspective on the future of Digital Libraries and develop an understanding of the breadth and depth of fields associated with research in this area including:
Big Data
Information Visualization
eScience/eResearch data management
Cultural Heritage Preservation
Insightful analyses of existing systems
Electronic scholarly publishing
Social networking
Web Services Information Systems
Your Organization Can Benefit By:
Exposure to researchers, experts and leaders in a variety of emerging fields.
Networking with leading national and international researchers and academics and industry delegates
Identification of new technologies and markets to generate new business opportunities.
The ability to interact with key decision makers in both research and industry.
Using the occasion to launch new initiatives, products and services.
Data mining/extraction
Indexing, search, retrieval and browsing
Distributed information systems
Studies of information behavior and user needs and modeling
Managing Collaborative Collections
Preservation systems and algorithms

Call for Proposals

Abstract The digital library has been on a seemingly insatiable quest for “innovation” for decades. This focus permeates our field, usually in the guise of transforming digital library practices. The themes change over time (e.g., Federating library collections! Digital humanities! Digital preservation! Big data!), but dependably, digital library research projects  on “innovation” topics are seeded in abundance each year. Researchers are rewarded (and funded) for their big, experimental ideas, not for successful applications of innovations in practice. Gearing resources toward “innovation” prizes the unique or novel approach above the cultivation of our field. Few innovations ever flower and  thrive beyond their initial moments in the sun.

What might happen if digital libraries stop focusing on the innovative solution as an end in itself, and start thinking about the process of using innovations within networks to actively facilitate system-wide change?
Drawing from the disciplines of sociology and economics, Skinner will explore both established and emergent models for system-wide  transformation, ultimately asking what digital libraries could accomplish as a field if we shifted our focus from “innovation” to “impact.”

Skinner received her Ph.D. from Emory University. She has co-edited three books and has authored and co-authored numerous reports and articles. She is currently Principal Investigator for research projects on continuing  education (Nexus, Mapping the Landscapes), digital preservation (ETD plus, Chronicles in Preservation), and scholarly communication (Chrysalis). She regularly teaches graduate courses and workshops in digital librarianship and preservation topics and provides consultation services to groups that are planning or implementing digital scholarship and digital preservation programs.
The ACM/IEEE Joint  Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL 2015) is a major international forum focusing on digital libraries and associated technical, practical, organizational, and social issues. JCDL encompasses the many meanings of the term digital libraries, including (but not limited to) new forms of information institutions and organizations; operational information systems with all manner of digital content; new means of selecting, collecting, organizing, distributing, and accessing digital content; theoretical models of information media, including document genres and electronic publishing; and theory and practice of use of managed content in science and education.

JCDL 2015 will be held in  Knoxville, Tennessee (USA), 21-24 June 2015. The program is organized by an international committee of scholars and leaders in the digital libraries field and attendance is expected to include several hundred researchers, practitioners, managers, and students. Notification of acceptance for full and short paper, panel, poster, and  The theme of the 2015 conference is “Large, Dynamic and Ubiquitous – The Era of the Digital Library”. Big Data is everywhere – from Computational Science to Digital Humanities, from Web Analytics to traditional libraries. While there exist significant challenges in other areas, for many the biggest issues are digital libraries questions – How do we preserve big data collections? How do we provide access to big data collections? What new questions can we pose against our big data collections? How can we, the digital libraries community, stand up in the face of  these challenges and support collection builders, curators, and interface developers in solving their challenges? What assumptions have we been working under no longer hold in light of Big Data? These are some of the timely questions we hope to address at JCDL 2015.

The intended community for this conference includes those interested in all aspects of digital libraries such as infrastructure; institutions; metadata; content; services; digital preservation; system design; scientific data management; workflows; implementation; interface design; human-computer interaction; performance evaluation; usability evaluation; collection development; intellectual property; privacy; electronic publishing; document genres; multimedia; social, institutional, and policy issues; user communities; and associated theoretical topics. JCDL welcomes submissions in these areas.

Submissions that resonate with the JCDL 2015 theme are particularly welcome; however, reviews, though they will consider relevance of proposals to digital libraries generally, will not give extra weight to theme-related proposals over proposals that speak to other aspects of digital libraries. The conference sessions, workshops and tutorials will cover all aspects of digital libraries.

Participation is sought from all parts of the world and from the full range of established and emerging disciplines and professions including computer science, information science, web science, data science, librarianship, data management, archival science and practice, museum studies and practice, information technology, medicine, social sciences, education and humanities. Representatives from academe, government, industry, and others are invited to participate.

JCDL 2015 invites submissions of papers and proposals for posters, demonstrations, tutorials, and workshops that will make the conference an exciting and creative event to attend. As always, the conference welcomes contributions from all the fields that intersect to enable digital libraries. Topics include, but are not limited to:

Collaborative and participatory information environments Cyberinfrastructure architectures, applications, and deployments Data mining/extraction of structure from networked information Digital library and Web Science curriculum development
Distributed information systems Extracting semantics, entities, and patterns from large collections Evaluation of online information environments Impact and evaluation of digital libraries and information in education Information policy and copyright law Information visualization Interfaces to information for novices and experts Linked data and its applications Personal digital information management Retrieval and browsing Scientific data curation, citation and scholarly publication Social media, architecture, and applications Social networks, virtual organizations and networked information Social-technical perspectives of digital information Studies of human factors in networked information Theoretical models of information interaction and organization User behavior and modeling Visualization of large-scale information environments Web archiving and preservation Full and Short Paper authors may choose between two formats: Full papers and short papers. Both formats will be included in the proceedings and will be presented at the conference. Full papers typically will be presented in 20 minutes with 10 minutes for questions and discussion. Short papers typically will be presented in 10 minutes with 5 minutes for questions and discussion. Both formats will be rigorously peer reviewed. Complete papers are required — abstracts and incomplete papers will not be reviewed.

Full papers report on mature work, or efforts that have reached an important milestone. Short papers will highlight efforts that might be in an early stage, but are important for the community to be made aware of. Short papers can also present theories or systems that can be described concisely in the limited space.

Full papers must not exceed 10 pages. Short papers are limited to at most 4 pages. All papers must be original contributions. The material must therefore not have been previously published or be under review for publication elsewhere. All contributions must be written in English and must  formatting guidelines (templates available for authoring in LaTex2e and Microsoft Word). Papers are to be submitted via the conference’s EasyChair submission page: All accepted papers will be published by ACM as conference proceedings and electronic versions will be included in both the ACM and IEEE digital libraries.

Posters and Demonstrations
Posters permit presentation of late-breaking results in an informal, interactive manner. Poster proposals should consist of a title, extended abstract, and contact information for the authors, and should not exceed 2 pages. Proposals must follow the conference’s formatting guidelines and are to be submitted via the conference’s EasyChair submission page: Accepted posters will be displayed at the conference and may include additional materials, space permitting. Abstracts of posters will appear in the proceedings.

Demonstrations showcase innovative digital libraries technology and applications, allowing you to share your work directly with your colleagues in a high-visibility setting. Demonstration proposals should consist of a title, extended abstract, and contact information for the authors and should not exceed 2 pages. All contributions must be written in English and must follow the ACM formatting guidelines (templates available for authoring in LaTex2e and Microsoft Word), and are to be submitted via the conference’s EasyChair submission page: Abstracts of demonstrations will appear in the proceedings.
Workshops are intended to draw together communities of interest — both those in established communities and those interested in discussion and exploration of a new or emerging issue. They can range in format from formal, perhaps centering on presentation of refereed papers, to informal, perhaps centering on an extended round-table discussions among the selected participants.

Submissions should include: a workshop title and short description; a statement of objectives for the workshop; a topical outline for the workshop; identification of the expected audience and expected number of attendees; a description of the planned format and duration (half-day, full-day, or one and a half day); information about how the attendees will be identified, notified of the workshop, and, if necessary, selected from among applicants; as well as contact and biographical information about the organizers. Finally, if a workshop or closely related workshop has been held previously, information about the earlier sessions should be provided — dates, locations, outcomes, attendance, etc.Proposals for new workshops are now closed.. To submit your paper to an announced workshop, please follow the links available on the Tutorials and Workshops page. Tutorials provide an opportunity to offer in-depth education on a topic or solution relevant to research or practice in digital libraries. They should address a single topic in detail over either a half-day or a full day. They are not intended to be venues for commercial product training. Experts who are interested in engaging members of the community who may not be familiar with a relevant set of technologies or concepts should plan their tutorials to cover the topic or solution to a level that attendees will have sufficient knowledge to follow and further pursue the material beyond the tutorial. Leaders of tutorial sessions will be expected to take an active role in publicizing and recruiting attendees for their sessions.

Tutorial proposals should include: a tutorial title; an abstract (1-2 paragraphs, to be used in conference programs); a description or topical outline of tutorial (1-2 paragraphs, to be used for evaluation); duration (half- or full-day); expected number of participants; target audience, including level of experience (introductory, intermediate, advanced); learning objectives; a brief biographical sketch of the presenter(s); and contact information for the presenter(s). Tutorials should be submitted through
Panels will complement the other portions of the program with lively discussions of controversial and cutting-edge issues that are not addressed by other program elements. They will be developed by the Panel co-chairs Dr. Andreas Ruber and Dr. Hideo Joho and will be designed to address a topic of particular interest to those building digital libraries — they can be thought of as being mini-tutorials. Panel ideas may be stimulated or developed in part from synergistic paper proposals (with consensus of involved paper proposal submitters).

This year stand-alone formal proposals for panels also will be accepted however, please keep in mind that panel sessions are few and so relatively few panel proposals will be accepted. Panel proposals should include a panel title, identify all panel participants (maximum 5), include a short abstract as well as an uploaded extended abstract in PDF (not to exceed 2 pages) describing the panel topic, how the panel will be organized, the unique perspective that each speaker brings to the topic, and an explicit confirmation that each speaker has indicated a willingness to participate in the session if the proposal is accepted. For more information about potential panel proposals, please contact the Panel co-chairs named above.

Doctoral Consortium
The Doctoral Consortium is a workshop for Ph.D. students from all over the world who are in the early phases of their dissertation work. Ideally, students should have written or be close to completing a thesis proposal, and be far enough away from finishing the thesis that they can make good use of feedback received during the consortium.

Students interested in participating in the Doctoral Consortium should submit an extended abstract describing their digital library research. Submissions relating to any aspect of digital library research, development, and evaluation are welcomed, including: technical advances, usage and impact studies, policy analyses, social and institutional implications, theoretical contributions, interaction and design advances, and innovative applications in the sciences, humanities, and education. Doctoral consortium proposals are to be submitted via the conference’s EasyChair submission page:

Journal Special Issues Authors of selected top papers will be invited to submit manuscripts for a special issues of two journals: Online Information Review and International Journal on Digital Libraries. Manuscripts will need to be updated versions of the respective conference papers and will undergo the normal journal reviewing process.